rough

I
(Roget's IV) modif.
1. [Not smooth]
Syn. unequal, broken, coarse, choppy, ruffled, uneven, ridged, rugged, scabrous, irregular, unsanded, needing sanding, needing finishing, needing smoothing, not sanded, not smoothed, not finished, unfinished, lacking the finishing touches, bumpy, rocky, stony, jagged, grinding, knobby, sharpening, cutting, sharp, crinkled, crumpled, rumpled, scraggly, scraggy, hairy, shaggy, hirsute, bushy, tufted, bearded, woolly, nappy, unshaven, unshorn, gnarled, knotty, nodose, bristly.
Ant. smooth, level*, even.
2. [Not gentle]
Syn. harsh, strict, stern; see severe 2 .
3. [Crude]
Syn. boorish, uncivil, uncultivated; see coarse 2 , rude 1 .
4. [Not quiet]
Syn. buffeting, stormy, tumultuous; see stormy 1 , turbulent .
5. [Unfinished]
Syn. incomplete, imperfect, unpolished; see crude 1 , unfinished 1 .
6. [Approximate]
Syn. inexact, imprecise, estimated; see approximate .
n.
1. [Any roughness]
Syn. unevenness, irregularity, bumpiness; see roughness 1 .
2. [In golf, any unkempt part of the course]
Syn. tall grass, weeds, brush, stoniness, off the fairway, fog*, jungle*.
in the rough,
Syn. unfinished, unrefined, rough; see crude 1 , unfinished 1 .
II
(Roget's 3 Superthesaurus) a.
1. irregular bumpy, uneven, course, jagged, scaly, craggy, lumpy, wrinkled, corrugated, broken, shaggy, fuzzy, bristly.
2. violent stormy, tempestuous, fierce, riotous, ferocious, intense, wild, furious, bumpy, rocky, choppy.
3. rude coarse, unrefined, crude, impolite, uncouth, vulgar, boorish, indelicate, bad-mannered, ungentlemanly, unladylike, gruff.
4. unfinished unrefined, raw, basic, crude, imperfect, unprocessed, rough-hewn, inexact, preliminary.
5. approximate imprecise, inexact, *ballpark, *thumbnail, sketchy, quick.
ANT.: 1. regular, smooth, level. 2. smooth, mild, easy, gentle. 3. polite, refined, cultured, genteel. 4. finished, refined, perfected. 5. exact, precise
III
(Roget's Thesaurus II) I adjective 1. Having a surface that is not smooth: coarse, cragged, craggy, harsh, ironbound, jagged, ragged, rugged, scabrous, uneven. See SMOOTH. 2. Consisting of or covered with large particles: coarse, grainy, granular, gritty. See SMOOTH. 3. Violently disturbed or agitated, as by storms: dirty, heavy, raging, roiled, roily, rugged, stormy, tempestuous, tumultuous, turbulent, ugly, violent, wild. See CALM. 4. Requiring great or extreme bodily, mental, or spiritual strength: arduous, backbreaking, burdensome, demanding, difficult, effortful, exacting, exigent, formidable, hard, heavy, laborious, onerous, oppressive, rigorous, severe, taxing, tough, trying, weighty. See HEAVY. 5. Causing sharp, often prolonged discomfort: bitter, brutal, hard, harsh, severe. See COMFORT. 6. Hard to deal with or get out of: tight, tricky. Informal: sticky. See EASY. 7. Lacking in delicacy or refinement: barbarian, barbaric, boorish, churlish, coarse, crass, crude, gross, ill-bred, indelicate, philistine, rude, tasteless, uncivilized, uncouth, uncultivated, uncultured, unpolished, unrefined, vulgar. See COURTESY, SMOOTH. 8. Marked by vigorous physical exertion: knockabout, rough-and-tumble, rugged, strenuous, tough. See ACTION. 9. Disagreeable to the sense of hearing: dry, grating, harsh, hoarse, jarring, rasping, raspy, raucous, scratchy, squawky, strident. See SOUNDS. 10. In a primitive state; not domesticated or cultivated; produced by nature: native, natural, uncultivated, undomesticated, untamed, wild. See WILD. 11. Not perfected, elaborated, or completed: preliminary, sketchy, tentative, unfinished, unperfected, unpolished. See START. 12. Lacking expert, careful craftsmanship: crude, primitive, raw, rude, unpolished. See GOOD. II verb To be rough or brutal with. Also used with up: knock about (or around), manhandle, slap around. Slang: mess up. See ATTACK, STRIKE. III noun A preliminary plan or version, as of a written work: draft, outline, skeleton, sketch. See PLANNED, WORDS.

English dictionary for students. 2013.

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  • rough — [ruf] adj. [ME ruh, rugh < OE ruh, akin to Ger rauh < IE * reuk < base * reu , to tear, tear out (> RUG, ROTTEN): prob. basic sense “hairy, woolly”] 1. a) not smooth or level; having bumps, projections, etc.; uneven [a rough surface]… …   English World dictionary

  • Rough — Rough, a. [Compar. {Rougher}; superl. {Roughest}.] [OE. rou?, rou, row, rugh, ruh, AS. r?h; akin to LG. rug, D. rug, D. ruig, ruw, OHG. r?h, G. rauh, rauch; cf. Lith. raukas wrinkle, rukti to wrinkle. [root] 18. Cf. {Rug}, n.] 1. Having… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rough — adj 1 Rough, harsh, uneven, rugged, scabrous are comparable when they mean not having a smooth or even surface, exterior, or texture. Rough, the usual and comprehensive word, basically applies to whatever may be said to have a surface or an… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • rough — ► ADJECTIVE 1) having an uneven or irregular surface; not smooth or level. 2) not gentle; violent or boisterous: rough treatment. 3) (of weather or the sea) wild and stormy. 4) lacking sophistication or refinement. 5) not finished tidily; plain… …   English terms dictionary

  • rough — [rʌf] adjective 1. a rough figure or amount is not exact: • It is possible to give here only very rough figures. • I can only give you a rough estimate at this stage. 2. not finished: • a rough draft of the report 3 …   Financial and business terms

  • rough — [ rɶf ] n. m. • 1932; mot angl. « raboteux, grossier » ♦ Anglic. 1 ♦ Golf Partie d un terrain de golf non entretenue. 2 ♦ Ébauche, projet, dans les arts graphiques. Faire des roughs. ● rough nom masculin (anglais rough, terrain accidenté) Terrain …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rough — Rough, v. t. 1. To render rough; to roughen. [1913 Webster] 2. To break in, as a horse, especially for military purposes. Crabb. [1913 Webster] 3. To cut or make in a hasty, rough manner; with out; as, to rough out a carving, a sketch. [1913… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • rough — rough, roughen Rough is used as a verb chiefly in the expressions to rough it (= do without basic comforts), to rough out (= to make a sketch of), to rough up (= to attack). Otherwise the verb from rough, meaning ‘to make or become rough’ is… …   Modern English usage

  • Rough — Rough, n. 1. Boisterous weather. [Obs.] Fletcher. [1913 Webster] 2. A rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy. [1913 Webster] {In the rough}, in an unwrought or rude condition; unpolished; as, a diamond or a sketch in the rough. [1913 Webster]… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Rough — may refer to:* Roughness * Rough, the area outside the fairway in golf * Rough (manga) * Rough (facility), gas storage in England * Rough (Tina Turner Album) …   Wikipedia

  • rough — [adj1] uneven, irregular asperous, bearded, brambly, bristly, broken, bumpy, bushy, chapped, choppy, coarse, cragged, craggy, cross grained, disheveled, fuzzy, hairy, harsh, jagged, knobby, knotty, nappy, nodular, not smooth, ridged, rocky,… …   New thesaurus

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